Management principals

I’ve been reading recently very interesting article regarding project management which highlighted main management principals. Here they come:

  1. Combination of scientific and creativity: manager’s activity is based on professional knowledge and skills, but in some cases due to the inability to use them management decisions should be based on intuition and improvisation;
  2. Focus assumes that management activity should aim at achieving a certain goal and/or solving arised problems;
  3. Combination of expertise and the universality of the need of individual approach to solving the problem on the one hand, and on the other - problem solving is a component of the organization and builds on the general principles of its functioning;
  4. Sequence is based on the right sequence of actions in time and range. A violation of this sequence could lead to confusion in the work and, consequently, prolong the tasks (for example, you must first define the necessary staff, and then fill the vacancy, and not vice versa). Some activities have a recurring character - repeated periodically (eg, marketing research of customers needs should be done periodically or continuously);
  5. Continuity implies that each type of activity is the basis for the next type (eg, engineering project, which spent considerable resources must be realized in practice, because otherwise the work of the staff member will be unnecessary and wasted costs);
  6. Combination of centralized management and self-government is reflected in the decision-making locally in accordance with the orders and instructions of the manager;
  7. Focusing on the individual characteristics of workers/employees/team members, as well as the ability of their interaction in a team focused on creating a favorable psychological atmosphere, a certain organizational culture, which facilitates decision-making process and, consequently, increases the efficiency of work;
  8. Ensuring the integrity of the rights and responsibilities at each level is expressed in the non-exceedance of the rights of the responsibility, because such a situation fraught with arbitrariness managers, but the imbalance in the opposite direction suppresses initiative and activity of the working staff;
  9. Competition among managers increases a personal interest of employees on the basis of the material, moral and institutional promotion of an employee who has achieved the highest results;
  10. Involve employees in the process of making management decisions. If employees participate in this process than as the result these decisions will be performed more easily and with better attitude comparing to those decisions which are presented to employees as orders from management.